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technology and new equipment. they also need to restructure these places in terms of the amount of employees that they need to operate so they can achieve greater productivity and greater efficiencies, and they certainly need to improve the management of many of them. narrator: an immediate result of the new policy of "reform and opening" was the acceleration of factories shedding themselves of redundant labor. pannell: from, say, the mid-'90s until about now, th'vst aboutmillio people in termof people that have literally been thrown out of work out of these state-owneenterprise and they are distributed all over the country, but many of them are up in the noheast. the place is really being hit very, very hard. narrator: in shenyang, out of a population of 6.8 million, approximately 1.3 million people are out of work. at one time, the shenyang number one tool works employed more than 8,000 people. today it employs just over 3,000. one of the lucky ones is shao jianwei. his father worked at the tool works until his retirement, among the last beneficiaries of the iron rice bowl. shao's situatio
degree is in medical technology. my family always wanted a doctor, and so i headed toward the sciences. and going to medical school was something that i knew would be beneficial to the "race," world race, my race. but my thinking was, "i don't want to be a doctor who paints. i think i want to be a painter." it was like i was already an artist, but i mean, i just, i sort of had to say that to myself. my first interest is in the structure of something. and so when i start out making something, i'm not thinking about who might have lived there. i'm thinking about how i want it to look. structure for me is number one. and then i will decide who might have lived there. somes i will move away frowhat i'm working on and look at it -- look back at it -- and move around it and look at it. it's a process of getting a fresh look at something. it's like working on a drawing and you back up to see what your perspective is. and you see how you're doing -- how if it's flowing the way you want it flow, if it's moving the way you want it to move. i bent the metal one way, and i saw that the top part wa
to become "the rice bowl of japan." so we really see a huge intervention by people-- science and technology-- in order to... for this particular region to become the rice bowl that it is now. narrator: by mid-may, the long winter has finally ended and it is time to plant. kobayashi fukuzo is a farmer of recognized skill. at 71, he knows how unforgiving the weather can be. he worries constantly about what he should do mechanized agriculture allows to anto continue to farm.rice. the fields are irrigated. irrigation is crucial. the rice seedlings depend on water, rather than soil, for much-needed nutrients. rice farmers in northeastern japan have a traditional enemy. called yamase, this cold wind can blow through the region anytime from june to mid-august. while it can be absent for years, in 1993, yamase caused extensive crop damage in tohoku. when the cold winds blow, temperatures drop, fog develops, and the plants don't get enough sunlight. stunted alks are a bad omen. thflower clusters, which precede the grains of rice should be much bigger. kanno hiromitsu is an atmospheric geographer. he
? the advances in technology. so now we know what atoms kind of look like, not so much what they look like but how they fix one to the other. so the guessing game that biologists used to have to do is greatly enhanced now. now they know. now we can do things with atoms. we can change the structure. we can change molecules. we can affect dna, splice genes, enormous things. lee. if all the parts of us that were made up of the atoms don't have an appearance, how come we have colors and appearances? although one atom doesn't have an appearance, if i keep putting more and more, take one piece of grass, one piece of grass might not show anything here. now i keep putting more and more and more and more altogether, bunch them together, pretty soon this starts to show. so although one won't show you any appearance many, many will, because then they'll be on the order of the wavelength of light. and when you get larger than the wavelength of light, then light will show their presence. another thing, brownian motion. you've guys will be reading about what robert brown did back in 1830. he's looking i
Search Results 0 to 3 of about 4

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